Key takeaways from Harvard’s latest housing report

by Andrew Morrell

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While the state of housing in the U.S. has generally improved over the last 30 years, the latest report from the Joint Center for Housing Studies (JCHS) of Harvard University highlights some areas of concern as well.

Since the Center’s first State of the Nation’s Housing report in 1988, significant strides have been made in the U.S. housing market, the report’s authors explained. Homebuilders added more than 40 million new residences in the last 30 years, making room for an additional 27 million households. Owning a home is still affordable, too, perhaps even more so now than in the late-80s: Based on JCHS data, Bloomberg noted that the average homeowner’s mortgage payments were lower in 2017 than in 1987, after accounting for inflation.

However, the bright spots that have developed since then have not come without serious concerns. Homeownership is less common today than it was 30 years ago, the JCHS report pointed out. So is the mere existence of an adequate supply of affordable housing in many of the nation’s population centers. The high cost of labor, land and materials have hindered homebuilding in many areas, and therefore made the right house harder to find.

The housing trends discussed in the 2018 JCHS report often varied considerably depending on location, property type, price range and many other factors. Here are a few highlights from the study distilled down on a local level.

  • Atlanta is among the few cities with a surplus of developed land available for new construction. A lack of land fit for housing development is named in the JCHS report as a key factor in the modern inventory shortage. According to data from 98 metro areas, only 802,000 vacant developed lots were available anywhere in the U.S. in 2017, compared to 1.26 million in 2008. In some cities like San Francisco and Seattle, the supply of viable lots was only enough to meet nine or 10 months of demand. But Atlanta boasted enough developed land to meet 44 months of demand, one of only a few major cities with enough vacant lots to meet years of demand. That’s promising for builders in these areas, and in turn bodes well for future residents.
  • Atlanta saw the fourth-most new housing construction permits issued in 2017. Between 2010 and 2017, residential construction in the largest metros was 28 percent higher than the average seen during the 1990s and around the same pace as the 2000s, but building activity outside of large metro areas during 2010-2017 was below average compared to 1990s and 2000s data. As part of this construction boom, Atlanta issued 33,800 new residential construction permits in 2017, a figure exceeded only by Houston, New York and Dallas.